Financing of Working Capital
The working capital requirements of a concern can be classified as:
(a) Permanent or Fixed working capital requirements.
(b) Temporary or Variable working capital requirements.
In any concern, a part of the working capital investments are as permanent investments in fixed assets. This is so because there is always a minimum level of current assets which are continuously required by the enterprise to carry out its day-to-day business operations and this minimum cannot be expected to reduce at any time. This minimum level of current assets gives rise to permanent or fixed working capital as this part of working capital is permanently blocked in current assets.
Similarly, some amount of working capital may be required to meet the seasonal demands and some special exigencies such as rise in prices, strikes, etc., this proportion of working capital gives rise to temporary or variable working capital which cannot be permanently employed gainfully in business.
The fixed proportion of working capital should be generally financed from the fixed capital sources while the temporary or variable working capital requirements of a concern may be met from the short term sources of capital.